Food Security and Climate Change
Research on Prosopis Juliflora
With the increase in population and the growth of arable agriculture, much of the traditionally available pastures have either been taken over for arable agriculture or the migration routes have been made less accessible or closed off altogether. To meet this challenge, PENHA has been working with the Sudan government’s Animal Production Research Centre (APRC) in Khartoum to develop a feed which could be used in the dry season. It will then not be necessary to have to migrate such long distances to find fodder. This research has been able to make a positive use of a recently introduced shrub which has become a major problem in Sudan (and in the Horn of Africa as a whole) called “muskit” (Prosopis Juliflora) by the local people. A simple method has been developed, combining tradition knowledge with a new scientific approach, to use muskit as animal feeds.
Following on from this research, some of the current and recent activities are described below:
Use of Prosopis as an animal feed in Eastern Sudan and Somaliland – we are currently implementing a two year project which aims to improve the livelihoods of the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities by providing them with technical skills in making use of Prosopis as animal feed in Eastern Sudan and Somaliland. The project is funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
An important part of the programme has been to support local organisations. In Eastern Sudan this has especially meant the support of PEAKS – which now has over 100 subscription paying members with an outreach of over 2,000. PEAKS has run Oxfam NOVIB funded training courses for women (in particular) on the conservation, preparation and use of fodder. PEAKS also developed an early purchasing scheme to obtain fodder when it is readily available (and thus, inexpensive) for use in the time of shortages – and high prices.