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FAO Publishes World Livestock Global Report

FAO has published a very comprehensive report titled as 'World Livestock (WoLi) global report: Transforming the Livestock Sector through the Sustainable Development Goals'.

The livestock sector can contribute directly or indirectly to the achievement of each of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However the achievement of some of the targets could conflict with the accomplishment of others. It is therefore likely that policy makers will have to trade off gains in some areas with losses in others. To better support the transformation needed in the livestock sector and enhance its contribution to the SDGs, the World Livestock (WoLi) global report: Transforming the Livestock Sector through the sustainable Development Goals, examines the sector’s interaction with each of the Goals, as well as the potential synergies, trade-offs, and complex interlinkages involved.

The WoLi report:

  • Shifts the focus of the debate from fostering sustainable production per se to enhancing the sector’s contribution to the achievement of the SDGs;
  • Calls for an integrated livestock sustainable development approach;
  • Highlight the effective translation of the SDGs into specific and targeted national policy action as the major challenge ahead.

Numbers of note

  • Currently, livestock production employs at least 1.3 billion people worldwide.
  • About 600 million of the world's poorest households keep livestock as an essential source of income
  • Between 2000 and 2014, global production of meat rose by 39 percent; milk production increased by 38 percent.
  • Meat production is projected to increase another 19% by 2030, and milk production another 33% in the same period.
  • Livestock production accounts for 40 percent agriculture output in developed countries and 20 percent of agricultural output in developing countries
  • Animals remain an important source of power. In India, for instance, two-thirds of the country's cultivated area is ploughed using animal energy, and 14 million animal-drawn carts haul up to 15 percent of the country's total freight.
  • The introduction of advanced genetics, feeding systems, animal health controls and other technologies over the past four decades allowed industrialized countries to reduce their overall land requirements for livestock by 20 percent while doubling meat production.
  • Wider adoption of existing best practices and technologies in feeding, health and husbandry, and manure management - as well as greater use of improved technologies - could help the global livestock sector cut its GHG emissions by as much as 30 percent.

The full report is accessible by clicking here