PENHA Participated in Partner Workshops held in the Netherlands
PENHA through its Interim Director has participated in the two days INCLUDE meeting held in the Hague from November 20th to 21st 2018. During the conference, partner institutions from Africa and Europe presented their project updates, findings and discussed a way forward in talking poverty and reducing inequality in Africa.
During the first day (November 20th), a number of researchers from the NWO funded research projects of the ‘Research for Inclusive Development in Sub-Saharan Africa’ (RIDSSA) and INCLUDE members presented and discussed their final findings, highlighted critical gaps as well as policy recommendations that need government and development partners’ attention. Representing the research consortium of the Social Protection for Inclusive Development in Afar of Ethiopia (SPIDA) which include PENHA, Development Planning Unit (DPU) of the University College London (UCL), Mr. Bereket Tsegay presented the outcome of the SPIDA project to the participants indicating the challenges and opportunities linked to the PSNP of Ethiopia - one of the biggest social protection programmes in Africa. In his presentation titled as ‘A Call for Robust Social Protection Policy for Inclusive Development: Lessons Learned from Safety Net Programme in the Afar Region of Ethiopia’, Mr. Tsegay indicated that the new political horizon evolving between Eritrea and Ethiopia can potentially enable the Afar pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in Ethiopia to have a cross-border trade with Eritrean Afars which can widen their social and economic opportunities. Other projects that focus on health and infrastructure were also presented and discussed.
During the second day (November 21st), a conference titled ‘From research to practice: inclusive development for future prospects in Africa’ was held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. The conference used the Dutch policy framework on Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation (BHOS) as a discussion document on reducing poverty and inequality in Africa. See the recommendations below reported by INCLUDE and Broker team (Yannicke Goris and Jacqueline Vrancken – The Broker and Frank van Kesteren – INCLUDE).
Recommendations from INCLUDE
In order to promote more inclusive development, it is important that policy stakeholders take into account the distributional consequences of their policies and programme design. Recognizing that full equality in opportunities, capabilities and outcomes cannot be attained, certain approaches and decisions do contribute to more inclusive development outcomes and processes. Some recommendations to that end are as follows (To access the full report, click here):
• Carefully considering of what economic (sub)sector or geographical area to focus on is necessary to formulate policies and programmes tailored to the needs and challenges specific to each sector and area. There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution for inclusive development.
• The monitoring of programmes and interventions should include a critical assessment of who is included and excluded and to what extent marginal groups are adequately represented by CSOs and partnerships.
• From the previous recommendation, it follows that a level of flexibility should be built into programme design, so that programmes can be adjusted to ensure improved inclusiveness and adequate representation.
• A vital precondition for achieving inclusive processes and outcomes is acquiring a thorough understanding of the needs and constraints of ‘excluded’ people, as well as identifying the (information) channels that can be used to pull them in.
• Looking for opportunities to increase the impact of interventions within the scope of the project is a cost-effective and fruitful course of action. Especially integrating and combining complementary approaches has proven to yield more inclusive impacts.
• Identifying and working with strategic actors who can make a difference in the region is an important step towards more inclusive policy-making and programming. This includes actors at all levels, such as (local) government, traditional power holders, business representatives, CSOs and NGOs and (representatives of) local communities.
Similarly, PENHA was also participated in the annual event of NVAS Africa Day 2018 organised by the Netherlands Association of African Studies NVAS and in in collaboration with the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) ‘Responding to Climate Change in Africa’ held on 20th October 2018, WWF Netherlands Head Office, Zeist, the Netherlands. The event discussed the consequences of climate change in Africa and was attended by representatives of various organisations from the different countries of Africa, Europe and the US attended. The presentations were concentrating on four thematic areas: nature conservation, rural livelihoods and communities; technological adaptation and climate change; urban sustainability and migration were made and discussed. Besides, there were two keynote lectures by Bart Geenen (WWF) on Fresh Water and Prof. Marja Spierenburg (Radboud University) on Nature Conservation. The event was very interactive and engaging. PENHA was represented by Mr Bereket Tsegay, Interim Director and Diana Bosch, PENHA Associate in the Netherlands. PENHA stand and exhibition was visited by many participants of the workshop and were briefed about PENHA works in the Horn of Africa and Europe.
Photo credits: the first three photos to INCLUDE Platform, the fourth NVAS and the fifth PENHA.